Urology is a medical specialty concerned with conditions and diseases of the genital and urinary tract in men, women and children.
Urologists also diagnose and treat disorders of the male reproductive system.

Urologists are medical doctors who have completed four years of medical school and at least two years of general surgical training, followed by four years of specialty training in urologic surgery.

Urination frequency varies widely, but most healthy people use the bathroom four to eight times a day.
More frequent urination or waking up at night to go to the bathroom may signal a health problem or simply that you're drinking too much before or at bedtime.

The best way to avoid urological problems is to maintain good overall health habits, including exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding tobacco, excessive alcohol and caffeine.
You should also avoid foods or substances that remove water from the body, known as diuretics.

Generally, it's a good idea to call your doctor or schedule an appointment if you:

  • Have a sudden onset of incontinence
  • Are wearing a urine absorption pad because of frequent accidents
  • Find that incontinence is interfering with your quality of life

There are many conditions that could result in painful urination. An infection of the urinary tract or prostate is a common cause, along with obstructions in the urethra, kidney, bladder, or prostate.

Yes. There are three types of incontinence: urge incontinence, stress incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urge incontinence results from an overactive bladder. The bladder contracts involuntarily before a person is ready to urinate. Stress incontinence is the result of the weakening of the supporting tissue and muscles around the urethra and bladder. When a person sneezes, coughs, or strains, incontinence ensues. Overflow incontinence is the result of a blockage in the urinary tract, caused by one of many conditions, including benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer, narrowing of the urethra, urinary retention, etc.

As men age, the prostate enlarges as a result of the hormone testosterone. This enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As the prostate enlarges, the flow of urine is restricted, causing a number of symptoms, including a weak urine stream and a more frequent need to urinate.

If you are experiencing sudden and severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, groin, or genitals that increases in waves, you may have a kidney stone. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, the presence of blood in the urine, and frequent and painful urination.

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