Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopy is a type of surgery that uses smaller cuts than you might expect.

The process takes its name from the laparoscope, a slender tool that has a tiny video camera and light on the end. When a surgeon inserts it through a small cut and into your body, they can look at a video monitor and see what’s happening inside you. Without those tools, they’d have to make a much larger opening. Thanks to special instruments, your surgeon won’t have to reach into your body, either. That also means less cutting.

Have you heard people talk about “minimally invasive” surgery? Laparoscopic surgery is one kind. Doctors first used it for gallbladder surgery and gynecology operations. Then it came in play for the intestines, liver, and other organs.

Preparation for a Laparoscopic Surgery

    Please follow these guidelines before coming to the hospital for your laparoscopy:

  • Do not eat, drink (including water) or smoke after midnight the day before your surgery.
  • Wear low-heeled shoes the day of surgery. You might be drowsy from the anesthesia and unsteady on your feet.
  • Do not wear jewelry. (Wedding rings may be worn.)
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing. You will have some abdominal tenderness and cramping after surgery.
  • Remove any nail polish before surgery.

Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery

    Working this way has several advantages compared with traditional surgery. Because it involves less cutting:

  • You have smaller scars.
  • You get out of the hospital quicker.
  • You'll feel less pain while the scars heal, and they heal quicker.
  • You get back to your normal activities sooner.
  • You may have less internal scarring.

Tests before a Laparoscopic Surgeries

    Patient might need to do a few tests and gather some medical information about your health before your laparoscopy. This information can include:

  • Previous X-rays from another facility.
  • Lab work.
  • Operative Report.
  • Pathology Report.
  • Cytology Slides.
  • Tissue Specimens.
  • Ultrasound
  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

How is laparoscopy performed

    A laparoscopy is done while you’re lying down in a slightly tilted position, with your head lower than your feet. You’ll be given a general anesthetic to relax your muscles and prevent pain during surgery.

    Next, a small incision is made near the navel. The laparoscope is inserted through this incision. Your abdomen is inflated to make the organs easier to view. The laparoscope might also be equipped with surgical devices for taking tissue samples or removing scar tissue.

    After surgery, you’ll usually stay in a recovery room for about one hour. Then you will be taken to an outpatient surgery unit for continued observation.

    You will be discharged after you receive instructions for your home recovery. In most cases, you can leave the hospital about four hours after laparoscopy. It’s rare that a patient will need to stay in the hospital overnight after this procedure.

    You’ll be asked to return to your healthcare provider’s office for follow-up appointments within two to eight weeks of your laparoscopy. Please confirm your follow-up appointment schedule with your provider before leaving the hospital. One important thing to note before going in for surgery is that you won’t be able to drive for 24 hours after surgery. Make sure you have someone available to pick you and stay with you for those first 24 hours.

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